Category Archives: Adoption

How to Explain to Children Differing Levels of Openness in Adoption

Dear Lavvie:    How do we explain different levels of openness to our children? We have a very close relationship with our son’s birth mother and his biological brother and grandparents but because of our daughter’s birth mother’s lifestyle our relationship with her and her other children is limited.

Our children are only 2 and 3 right now but I know soon enough they will start to question this.    ~~ Jamie

open adoption advice

Take Away the Adoption Charge

Dear Jamie:   First let’s look at HOW you decide what to say. To get yourself into a clear mindset (e.g., you’re not freaking out about the adoption part), let’s reframe things in a way that neutralizes the adoption charge. Here’s one way to do that:

Imagine that 10 years down the line one of your children qualifies for an advanced math class and the other doesn’t. Or one makes the team and the other doesn’t. How would you approach such a situation of imbalance with each child?

My guess is that you’d aim to meet both your children where they are. You probably wouldn’t aim for absolute fairness — reducing the benefits available to one in order to make things equal for the other. Nor would it be in your power to elevate the child who is experiencing lack to the level of the child who is experiencing bounty.

You would probably help each understand, gently and age appropriately, why things are the way they are, and you’d abide with them if/when they feel sadness. You can’t protect them from all sadnessnor should you — but you CAN help them develop resilience as they process sadness and disappointment.

We Don’t Always Get to Deal with the Ideal

As parents we must help our children to live in their world as it is. Sometimes things aren’t ideal, and our choice is to either change it (if possible) or accept it (if change is not possible). It’s great that you’re asking about how to explain so that you can do exactly this.

Words I might use would be:

I wonder how you feel about your birth mom not being around the way Brother’s is.

(Pause so Daughter can express herself…and listen.)

I’m sad about that, too. Right now, she’s not in a place where she’s able to be in our lives, but we are open to that one day happening.

I would then be silent and let Daughter do the talking so I could discover where she is. Offer the space for her to share her thoughts with you, if she chooses. She may not choose to at this point — she may have a lot going on and be unable to make sense of her own emotions — but making space for her to do so helps her know she can open up to you in the future if she is grappling with an issue.

This is more on this in my book, The Open-Hearted Way to Open Adoption, in Chapter 5, “Openness and the Adoptee.” Just keep in mind that adoption relationships – like all relationships – have an ebb and flow. Things may change for either your son or your daughter in terms of birth parent contact. While you can’t always control WHAT happens, you can support your children in how they RESPOND to what happens.

Dear Readers, what say you?

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About this Open Adoption Advice Column

  • I may occasionally call on others to help with answers, to tap into group wisdom.
  • I am not trained as a therapist. Please do not rely on words in this space to make your own major or minor decisions.

As always, readers are encouraged to weigh in thoughtfully and respectfully. I ask everyone to remember that this is a teaching endeavor rather than a shaming endeavor, and that we aim to bring light rather than heat. It’s my belief that people do the best they can with what they have to work with, and our goal is to give folks more to work with.

Send in your own question for possible inclusion. Subscribe so you don’t miss anything.

I Tried to Communicate. She Got Hurt. Things Closed Down.

Last week’s Dear Lavvie question was from an adoptive mom wanting to open herself up for her daughter’s sake in spite of past hurts. This week we have a birth family member who wonders how to pry open a relationship with the adoptive family in light of a perceived hurt.

open adoption advice

Dear Lavvie: I am an adoptive mother and have recently become part of a birth family. My niece and three nephews have been living with a foster family who are now in the process of adopting them. We have been very supportive of the adoption as their birth parents are not in a place to take care of the children.

Here is the problem. On the day of relinquishment the foster mom said on Facebook that “one family’s loss is another family’s gain.”  I reached out to her and told her that her statement was very hurtful.  Her response was to claim we are not supportive and in response they are pushing out my entire family, especially my mom and myself. How do I facilitate openness with the adoptive family when they seem very resistant? ~~ Anna

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Brooke RandolphOpen Adoption Advice

Guest advising today is Brooke Randolph, LMHC. Brooke is a parent, therapist, and adoption professional with 25 years of experience working with children, families, and individuals.

Brooke’s response: This isn’t an easy situation, Anna. There are so many factors to consider.

Please understand that in what I’m about to say, I am not blaming you or placing fault for what you said or how you said it. I ask you to trust that the fix — what is within your power to do — may lie in you being willing to offer an apology anyway. Keep reading.

In expressing your hurt and asking for the foster mom to relate to you differently, you unintentionally hurt the relationship with her. She therefore incorrectly perceives you as being unsupportive of the adoption moving forward.

While the advice to offer an apology may surprise or even appall you, I see it as the most direct route to relationship repair. As I’ve stated before, “An apology is absolutely necessary to repair, restore, and continue a relationship after a hurt… An effective apology can not only restore a relationship, it can help it to grow. An effective apology communicates that the relationship is important and the person’s feelings are important. An ineffective apology or no apology at all can communicate to the other that you do not truly value the relationship.”

In your apology, make sure to use all five components of an effective apology. If you need help coming up with how to integrate some of them, a neutral third party or trusted counselor may be helpful.

If your apology is accepted, great. You can move forward together. But if the apology is not met with the spirit intended (which is a key ingredient but not always a deciding factor, result-wise), you may need to gracefully allow her to choose to hang on to hurt. If this happens you could ask if the adopting family would be comfortable with you sending letters to her children. Go the extra mile and identify the children as hers rather than “your niece and nephews.” I know this may be difficult or even painful, but your ultimate goal is an open relationship for the children more than it is about introducing your wants and needs.

If you try to share information with her about open adoption, you risk appearing to be a know-it-all or holier-than-thou. As parents, we all get it wrong sometimes, but perceived mom-shaming rarely brings about true change and it almost always harms relationships. Because you are further along the journey of adoptive parenting, she may take unsolicited information or advice as belittling her. Is there anyone else who might be an ally for you and the children from whom she might welcome input?

Don’t give up if the apology doesn’t bring healing right away. Do you remember, Anna, how much anxiety you experienced during your adoption process? If the adopting mom is like I was, she probably doesn’t even realize how unsurefooted she is. Time can bring changes and new information and new needs. Remain open, remain positive, remain loving. Avoid negativity, gossip, spite, etc. Remember that your ultimate goal is an open relationship with your niece and nephews for their benefit. They need the opportunity to attach to their adoptive mother. They need less drama in their lives. They need you to have an open heart, ready and waiting to give, and always loving.

Brooke Randolph is a private practice counselor in Indianapolis, Indiana, and was a founding member of MLJ Adoptions, Inc. She is a Young Professionals Advisory Board member for The Villages, Indiana’s largest not-for-profit child and family services agency. Brooke adopted an older child internationally as a single woman, which she considers one of the most difficult and most rewarding things she has ever done. She is a contributing author to the book Adoption Therapy: Perspectives from Clients and Clinicians on Processing and Healing Post-Adoption Issues (2014).

Lori Holden, adoption authorMy 2 cents: Often we want to make the other person change. We don’t actually have that power, though. We have two other powers: we can help that person WANT to change, and we can determine if we need to change something in ourselves.

The former requires that first we be in relationship with the other person. The second requires an honest assessment of our role in the conflict and a pragmatic approach to doing what’s within our power to do.

Brooke’s approach utilizes both of these powers. An apology — “I’m sorry my words hurt you; I didn’t mean to and I respect what you’re doing with these children” — is within Anna’s power to do, AND it has potential to repair the hurt in the relationship.

Anna, I want to acknowledge your own hurt and fear, and your original desire to support these children’s adoptive mom. I’m sorry that your true message — not to split the babies between their two families — got lost in her hurt.

This brings me to one last point.  The trigger for all this hurt was when the adopting mother said, “one family’s loss is another family’s gain.” This is evidence of the too-prevalent and potentially harmful Either/Or mindset. The adopting mom may hold this only because she doesn’t know there is an alternative. Adoptive parents in varying degrees of surefootedness can easily envision and embrace a Both/And heartset once they know that it exists.

Dear Readers, what say you?

See also: The Open-Hearted Way to Open Adoption, aimed to help both adoptive and birth family members navigate contact and openness.

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About this Open Adoption Advice Column

  • Rather than tell people what they should do, instead I say what *I* might do were I in the asker’s position.
  • I may occasionally call on others to help with answers, to tap into group wisdom.
  • I am not trained as a therapist. Please do not rely on words in this space to make your own major or minor decisions.

As always, readers are encouraged to weigh in thoughtfully and respectfully. I ask everyone to remember that this is a teaching endeavor rather than a shaming endeavor, and that we aim to bring light rather than heat. It’s my belief that people do the best they can with what they have to work with, and our goal is to give folks more to work with.

Send in your own question for possible inclusion. Subscribe so you don’t miss anything.