The agency branded these premium babies
that would go to premium parents.
But behind the scenes…none of those things
[the agency said] were true.
In fact, the agency routinely kept babies for at least six months in order to conduct a series of really horrific experiments on them, in order to produce the same matching I described earlier.
— Gabrielle Glaser,
journalist and bestselling author
of American Baby —
↑ Listen right here! ↑
Think of the Closed Adoption Era as the “Good Old Days”? Think Again.
“Closed” means a lot of things when applied to adoption. At its heart, it means that things were done in secret, realities were not faced, records were closed to forever separate original and forever families, and hearts and minds had to cauterize (close) around an unacknowledged wound.
My guest in this month’s podcast, Gabrielle Glaser, has written brilliantly about all of this in her new bestselling book American Baby.
With this Season 2 opener of Adoption: The Long View, Gabrielle and I talk about the various effects of closedness. During the Closed Adoption Era, adoption professionals were able to operate behind closed doors, in secrecy, wielding unchecked power in the dark.
Bad things can happen to vulnerable people when powerful people have that much cover.
Who Is Vulnerable in Adoption?
Certainly the “unwed mother,” cast out from her family and social circles.
Also the adopting parents, who so desperately want to build a family, often after being thwarted by infertility.
In both cases, desperation makes a person easy prey for a predator.
But perhaps the person most vulnerable in adoption is the newborn baby at the center.
I call the Closed Adoption Era, which informs what the general population “knows” about adoption, a failed experiment. It makes sense that something rooted in shame and secrecy would not turn out well for those involved. We need movement toward practices and policies with truth and transparency as the guide.
This is why I was so excited to talk with journalist and author Gabrielle Glaser, who has investigated the devastating results of such closedness.
What Happens When Adoptions Take Place Behind Closed Doors?
The powerful become more powerful.
That’s the short answer, but there’s so much more. Like Georgia Tann before her, Louise Wise and the agency that bears her name were able to do unconscionable things in secret, with no accountability. Despite the wrongness of it all, Louise Wise records remain sealed at Yale University — for 44 more years! The closedness ensures that justice will never be served for those who suffered.
The Louise Wise agency partnered with researchers who needed newborns who didn’t quite have parents — in this case were between parents — to conduct experiments on. That’s right. You’ll hear Gabrielle talk about what she found out about intentional physical pain inflicted on 10 minute-old babies.
But only those bound for adoption.
Prefer to read Episode 2.1? Here’s a transcript (but listening is so much better).
In episode S2E1, Gabrielle and I explore the impacts of secrecy on adopting parents, on placing parents, and most of all, on the person adoption is supposed to center on, the adoptee. Besides closed doors and closed records, we also cover the effect of closed hearts and minds on people living in adoption. And more:
- How a story on living kidney donation turned into a friendship, and eventually into the book American Baby.
- The real-life, widespread, and devastating costs of not having full health history.
- The lengths unethical agencies and individuals will go to when granted the cover of darkness and secrecy.
- The impact on adoptees of the common sentiment “she loved you so much she gave you up.”
- Bowling as birth control. (Seriously!)
- Shocking experiments done on newborns toward the goal of matching them well with new parents.
Gabrielle Glaser, Journalist, Author, Now Advocate for Openness in Adoption
Author of American Baby: A Mother, A Child, and the Shadow History of Adoption, Gabrielle Glaser tells the shocking truth about postwar adoption in America through the bittersweet story of one teenager, the son she was forced to relinquish, and their lifelong search to find each other, thwarts and all.
Gabrielle has become a force in the movement to open up adoption in all ways and take away shame and secrecy that allows bad actors to benefit themselves with impunity. She shares the impact of secrets on the adopted person, as well as the innate need many people have to know and connect with their origins. You don’t want to miss this episode.
Show Notes from S2:Ep1 with Gabrielle Glaser
- Website: GabrielleGlaser.com
- American Baby on Amazon
- Gabrielle Glaser’s other books on Amazon
- Lori’s previous post on the Louise Wise agency, about Three Identical Strangers
How to Tune In Regularly for Adoption: The Long View
- Subscribe on Apple Podcasts.
- Bookmark the podcast page on Adopting.com.
- Subscribe on Google Podcasts.
- If Spotify is your go-to, subscribe there.
- Subscribe on Castbox or wherever else you get your podcasts.
- If you prefer YouTube, subscribe there.
Did you know that Adoption: The Long View is now listed among the Top 25 adoption podcasts?
For our second season, we are producing one episode each month. My partners at Adopting.com release a new high-quality episode the first Friday of the month, each less than an hour long. Not too much, not too little. Just right.
Lori Holden, mom of a teen son and a teen daughter, writes from Denver. Her book, The Open-Hearted Way to Open Adoption: Helping Your Child Grow Up Whole, is available through your favorite online bookseller and makes a thoughtful anytime gift for the adoptive families in your life. Catch episodes of Adoption: The Long View wherever you get your podcasts.
Lori was honored as an Angel in Adoption® in 2018 by the Congressional Coalition of Adoption Institute.